Language; ... WikiProject Military history (Rated C-Class) This article is within the scope of the Military history WikiProject. [9] Among the survivors was Lars Hætta (18 years at the time of imprisonment), who during his stay was allowed time and means to write the first translation of the Bible into North Sámi.[10]. The attack was unsuccessful, and Akerhaus Fortress became a stronghold in Oslo. I lost count on how many times the castle has been besieged, but in those many times, it was never conquered by a foreign country. Akershus Fortress Discover some of Oslo’s most important history at this medieval fortress and castle overlooking the city’s fjord approach. Just as empires rise and fall so do entry fees and opening hours! During World War II, people were executed here by the German occupiers, including members of the Pelle group. It is named for Akershus Fortress in Oslo. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the project and see a list of open tasks. [citation needed], Media related to Akershus Fortress at Wikimedia Commons, Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}59°54′24″N 10°44′10″E / 59.90667°N 10.73611°E / 59.90667; 10.73611. Akershus Fortress or Castle is a medieval castle that was built to protect Oslo, the capital of Norway. This includes King Sigurd I, King Haakon V, Queen Eufemia, King Haakon VII, Queen Maud, King Olav V and Crown Princess Märtha. [4][5][6] The last Norwegian king prior to the establishment of the Kalmar Union, Olaf II, was born at the castle in 1370. Despite a solid door, especially in the Akershus fortress is a Museum. The first construction on the castle started around the late 1290s, by King Haakon V, replacing Tønsberg as one of the two most important Norwegian castles of the period (the other being Båhus). After the 22. In the early 17th century, the fortress was modernized and remodeled under the reign of the active King Christian IV, and got the appearance of a renaissance castle.The fortress was first used in battle in 1308, when it was besieged by the Swedish duke Eric of Södermanland, whose brother won the Swedish throne in 1309. It is not known exactly when the construction of the castle started but it is believed that it took place around the late 1290s, by King Haakon V, replacing Tønsberg as one of the two most important Norwegian castles of the period (the other being Båhus). For more information on a trip to Oslo, Norway and other historical destinations visit http://www.travelthruhistory.tv Oslo Cathedral is a 17th century Dutch Baroque style church in a cruciform shape. eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'historyhit_com-box-3','ezslot_7',178,'0','0'])); Over the centuries, different figures put their mark on Akershus Fortress including King Christian, although it would suffer from neglect in the 17th and 18th centuries. Akershus Fortress (Norwegian: Akershus Festning) or Akershus Castle (Norwegian: Akershus slott) is a medieval castle in the Norwegian capital Oslo that was built to protect and provide a royal residence for the city. La fortaleza de Akershus (en noruego: Akershus festning) es un complejo de edificaciones militares ubicado en Oslo, Noruega, y situado estratégicamente junto al fiordo de Oslo. The county is named after Akershus Fortress. The fortress itself was located within the Akershus main county until 1919, and also within the smaller Akershus sub county until 1842. The Akershus fortress construction started after the year 1290. It was constructed in response to the Norwegian nobleman, Earl Alv Erlingsson of Sarpsborg’s earlier attack on Oslo that occurred in 1287. The fortress’s value came from its strategic location near the sea, and it has survived numerous sieges, never being captured in … It has housed many rebels and criminals through Norwegian history. (This battle forms a major part of the plot of Sigrid Undset's historical novel In the Wilderness, the third volume of her tetralogy The Master of Hestviken.). Akershus Fortress had been the defender of the capital Oslo/Christiania for hundred of years. Akershus Castle and Fortress seen from Oslofjord. History. After this siege the castle was improved and strengthened. See some of … Akershus Fortress (Akershus Festning) has been a vital stronghold and royal residence in Oslo since the 14th century. The priso… The fortress was subsequently modernized and remodeled, with the new appearance being that of a renaissance castle with Italian inspired bastions. As well as the castle, the Norwegian Armed Forces Museum and Norway's Resistance Museum can also be visited. Akershus has also been a prison, with a section of it known as The Slavery (Norwegian: Slaveriet) because the prisoners could be rented out for work in the city. Akershus Fortress is a great place to discover Oslo's history and enjoy a summer day. Akershus Fortress. Akershus Fortress (Akershus Festning) has been a vital stronghold and royal residence in Oslo since the 14th century. [2] King Christian II besieged the castle from 1531 to 1532 but the siege was lifted by forces from Denmark and Lübeck. https://www.regjeringen.no/no/dep/smk/kontakt/id883/, "Akershus Slott og Festning - Akershus Slotts Venner", "Kongeboliger og nasjonalskatter i Norge", "3. des: Margretes nødbrev Eder, min allerkjæreste...", "Norske Dramatikeres Forbund Raud vinter", "Kautokeino-opprøret 1852: Rettsoppgjøret", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Akershus_Fortress&oldid=996986180, Buildings and structures completed in the 13th century, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing Norwegian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 13:56. The name is somewhat misleading nowadays, since the fortress is now outside Akershus (it is in Oslo county since 1842). Akershus is a traditional region and current electoral district in Norway, with Oslo as its main city and traditional capital. His Majesty the King's Guard is responsible for guarding the fortress, with stationary guard posts during open hours and mobile patrols at night. The castle was not besieged again until 1502 when Scottish soldiers in the service of the Danish king besieged the castle in order to regain it from the hands of the Norwegian nobleman Knut Alvsson. In 1449-1450 the castle was besieged again, this time by the Swedish king Karl Knutsson Bonde, but he had to lift the siege after a while. The castle primarily functioned as a palace until the turn of the 19th century, with new towers, halls, chambers and gates being added over time. Summary [] Many tourists enjoy visiting the fortress: Built in the late 1290s by King Haakon V to protect the city from invasion, the complex has been in continuous … The Oslo Historical Museum houses historical collections ranging from prehistoric Norwegian items to those from East Asia and Africa. Why Visit Akershus Fortress (Akershus Festning)? The fortress was strategically important for the capital, and therefore, Norway as well. A portion of the fortress was replicated at the Norway pavilion at the Epcot theme park in Walt Disney World, Bay Lake, Florida, United States. The Norwegian Ministry of Defence and the country's Defence Staff Norway share a joint modern headquarters in the eastern part of the fortress. However it surrendered without combat to Nazi Germany in 1940 when the Norwegian government evacuated the capital in the face of the unprovoked German assault on Denmark and Norway (see Operation Weserübung). Also, many early Norwegian socialists (supporters of Marcus Thrane, 1817–1890) also spent time in the cells of Akershus. There’s plenty to see at Akershus Fortress. Following the 1852 Laestadian Sámi revolt in Guovdageaidnu, all men except the two leaders Aslak Hætta and Mons Somby (who were beheaded in Alta) ended up in Akershus Fortress – the women were imprisoned in Trondheim. Also known as Akershus Castle (Akershus Slott), it was begun in 1299 under King Hakon V and would go on to play an important defensive role, surviving several sieges. If you know of any information on this page that needs updating you can add a comment above or e-mail us. The immediate proximity of the sea was a key feature, for nava… It was a win-win! From the time of the first recorded Viking raid in England in 793 CE to the two invasions of England by the Norwegian King Harald Hardrada and the Norman-Viking William the Conqueror in 1066, Scandinavian raiding parties terrorized all of Europe. Also known as Akershus Castle (Akershus Slott), it was begun in 1299 under King Hakon V and would go on to play an important defensive role, surviving several sieges. Akershus has also been a prison, with a section of it known as The Slavery (Norwegian: Slaveriet) because the prisoners could be rented out for work in the city. Whoever controlled Akershus fortress ruled Norway. The Fortress of Akershus was built under King Haakon V in 1299 as a medieval castle. [8] The prison was also a plot element in the film Fante-Anne (1920). Following the great fire of 1624, King Christian IV made the decision to relocate and rebuild the entire city of Oslo. The Drøbak Sound … The building of Akershus Castle and Fortress was commenced in 1299 under king Håkon V. The medieval castle, which was completed in the 1300s, had a strategical location at the very end of the headland, and withstood a number of sieges throughout the ages. History & Haunting of: Akershus castle, Oslo, Norway Akershus Fortress is a medieval castle that was built to protect Oslo, the capital of Norway. Akershus Fortress was my family’s favorite place to visit in Oslo, hands down. The fortress was liberated on 11 May 1945, when it was handed over to Terje Rollem on behalf of the Norwegian resistance movement. Particularly well-known people to have been imprisoned there include author Gjest Baardsen (1791–1849), and the similarly idealized thief Ole Høiland. It was built as protection from a Swedish earl who attacked it in 1363. The fortress has successfully survived all sieges, primarily by Swedish forces, including those by forces led by Charles XII in 1716. The castle boasts everything from the former living quarters of medieval Danish-Norwegian royalty to dank dungeons and also the castle church, now a military church. 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