POESÍAS DE SAN JUAN DE LA CRUZ . Check prices close to San Juan de la Cruz Museum for tonight, 16 Dec. - 17 Dec. There were to be long periods of silence, especially between Compline and Prime.  There, in part as a result of the opposition faced from other Carmelites, they decided to request from the Pope their formal separation from the rest of the Carmelite order. San Juan de Ullua review Recommended place if what you like are the historical places combined with museums of the history of the site. Vacunación en San Juan de la Cruz / Foto: Jesús Caparrós. San Juan de la Cruz University is a private university located in Costa Rica. … , The first French edition was published in Paris in 1622, and the first Castilian edition in 1627 in Brussels. Born Juan de Yepes in Fontiveros in the province of Avila, San Juan de la Cruz (St. John of the Cross) was one of the great poets of Spain’s Golden Age (16th and 17th centuries) and is widely regarded as one of the most outstanding exponents of mystical poetry in any language. , This article is about the Spanish mystic and saint. In John's time they included the influences of Thomas Aquinas, of Scotus and of Durandus. The first redaction of the commentary on the poem was written in 1584, at the request of Madre Ana de Jesús, when she was prioress of the Discalced Carmelite nuns in Granada. Vacunación en San Juan de la Cruz / Foto: Jesús Caparrós. He remained in post until 1582, spending much of his time as a spiritual director to the friars and townspeople. San Juan de la Cruz. Se trasladaron a Medina del Campo donde aprendió el oficio de tejedor, después fue enfermero de hospital. Except when rarely permitted an oil lamp, he had to stand on a bench to read his breviary by the light through the hole into the adjoining room. Check prices close to Church of San Juan de la Cruz for tomorrow night, 13 Nov. - 14 Nov. They were venerated until 1647, when on orders from Rome designed to prevent the veneration of remains without official approval, the remains were buried in the ground. La alcaldesa Carmen Yulín Cruz, renunció hoy, jueves, a la alcaldía de San Juan a menos de dos semanas que juramente el próximo primer ejecutivo del municipio. This case was first made in detail by Dámaso Alonso, who believed that as well as drawing from scripture, John was transforming non-religious, profane themes, derived from popular songs (romanceros) into religious poetry. , A four-stanza work, Living Flame of Love, describes a greater intimacy, as the soul responds to God's love. 44 Häuser und Wohnungen zum Kauf in San Juan de la Rambla, Spanien, ab 47.000 Euro. As a result, John's mother Catalina took John and his surviving brother Francisco, first to Arévalo, in 1548 and then in 1551 to Medina del Campo, where she was able to find work. Por ello, no asombra descubrir que uno de sus libros de cabecera sea el Cántico Espiritual de San Juan de la Cruz. T… There is little consensus from John's early years or potential influences. As a result, a General Chapter of the Carmelite Order was convened at Piacenza in Italy in May 1576, out of concern that events in Spain were getting out of hand. Contáctanos. On 28 November 1568, the monastery was established, and on that same day, John changed his name to "John of the Cross". web del colegio concertado de educación infantil y primaria San Juan de la Cruz en Alicante. Han sido 66 mayores y 4 trabajadores los que han recibido la vacuna. In 1572 he arrived in Ávila, at Teresa's invitation. The main idea behind the poem is the painful experience required to attain spiritual maturity and union with God. In 1563 he entered the Carmelite Order, adopting the name John of St. , A controversial theory on the origins of John's mystical imagery is that he may have been influenced by Islamic sources. 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John had refused on the basis that his reform work had been approved by the papal nuncio to Spain, a higher authority than these superiors. La plaza de San Juan de Teruel se ilumina de rojo en homenaje a los voluntarios de Cruz Roja . Die Festung wurde zwischen 1533 und 1540 zum Schutz des Hafens errichtet. John had received an order from superiors, opposed to reform, to leave Ávila and return to his original house. Un pastorcico solo está penado . Parroquia San Juan de la Cruz Barrio Grancolombiano Diócesis de Fontibón Tel. I.E.P. San Juan de la Cruz: En una noche oscura: Poesía completa y selección de prosa (Penguin Clásicos) 18,85€ 4: Obras Completas de San Juan de la Cruz (Ebooklasicos nº 3) (Spanish Edition) 1,00€ 5: Cántico Espiritual de San Juan de la Cruz (Ediciones Populares) 5,00€ 6: Colección San Juan de la Cruz. Ideal für Familien, Gruppen, Paare. Es uno de los treinta y seis Doctores de la Iglesia. En la lista de los pueblos más poblados de todo el municipio, es el número 13 del ránking. , Soon after, in June 1570, the friars found the house at Duruelo was too small, and so moved to the nearby town of Mancera de Abajo, midway between Ávila and Salamanca. San Juan de la Cruz nació el 24 de junio de 1542 en Fontiveros, Ávila, España. His journey from Salamanca to Medina del Campo, probably in September 1567 became pivotal. Als getrennter Bereich gehört noch das Gebiet um das Fortín San Juan de la Cruz auf der westlich der Altstadt gelegenen Insel Isla de Cabras dazu. He was jailed in a monastery where he was kept under a brutal regime that included public lashings before the community at least weekly, and severe isolation in a tiny stifling cell measuring barely 10 feet by 6 feet. They include: T. S. Eliot, Thérèse de Lisieux, Edith Stein (Teresa Benedicta of the Cross) and Thomas Merton. A hand and a leg remain visible in a reliquary at the Oratory of San Juan de la Cruz in Úbeda, a monastery built in 1627 though connected to the original Discalced monastery in the town founded in 1587. Introduce tu dirección de correo electrónico para seguir este Blog y recibir las notificaciones de las nuevas publicaciones en tu buzón de correo electrónico. , John of the Cross is considered one of the foremost poets in Spanish. John's father died in 1545, while John was still only around three years old. E Lote 5 There he fell ill, and travelled to the monastery at Úbeda for treatment. Tonight 16 Dec. - 17 Dec. He was born Juan de Yepes y Álvarez at Fontiveros, Old Castile into a converso family (descendants of Jewish converts to Catholicism) in Fontiveros, near Ávila, a town of around 2,000 people. He is regarded as the "Mystical Doctor" by the Church. , Under the Rule, much of the day and night were to be divided between the recitation of the Liturgy of the Hours, study and devotional reading, the celebration of Mass and periods of solitude. Today, two versions exist: one with 39 stanzas and one with 40 with some of the stanzas ordered differently.  This obstacle was removed in 1955 and in 1969 Pope Paul VI moved it to the dies natalis (birthday to heaven) of John, 14 December. Roman Catholics pay tribute today, December 14, to the life and works of a popular and well-loved Spanish mystic, Saint John of the Cross (San Juan de la Cruz), a Doctor of the Universal Church and co-founder, with Saint Teresa of Avila, of the Discalced Carmelites. See E. Allison Peers. The same ministry repeatedly authorized and approved the inclusion of John's writings among the canon of Spanish writers. - E - Santa Cruz de Tenerife: San Juan de Puntallana (38715) Routenplaner; Karten; Hotels San Juan de Puntallana.  There was to be total abstinence from meat and a lengthy period of fasting from the Feast of the Exaltation of the Cross (September 14) until Easter. It was written in a first version at Granada between 1585-6, apparently in two weeks, and in a mostly identical second version at La Peñuela in 1591. Over the following years, John added further lines.  She immediately talked to him about her reformation projects for the Order: she was seeking to restore the purity of the Carmelite Order by reverting to the observance of its "Primitive Rule" of 1209, which had been relaxed by Pope Eugene IV in 1432. The paper was passed to him by the friar who guarded his cell. Hijo de Gonzalo de Yepes y Catalina Álvarez. Although it begins as a commentary on The Dark Night, after the first two stanzas of the poem, it rapidly diverts into a full treatise. 56-59; Steven Payne. , However, the belief that John was taught at both the Carmelite College of San Andrès and at the University of Salamanca has been challenged. San Juan de la Cruz nació el 24 de junio de 1542 en Fontiveros, Ávila, España. Este enclave, que se encuentra a las espaldas de … It concluded by ordering the total suppression of the Discalced houses. By the time of the Provincial Chapter at Alcalá in 1581, there were 22 houses, some 300 friars and 200 nuns among the Discalced Carmelites. His theological works often consist of commentaries on the poems. Although the U.S. Navy bombarded the fort in 1898, the fort survived. During this time he founded seven new monasteries in the region, and is estimated to have travelled around 25,000 km. After a spell at Teresa's side in Valladolid, learning more about the new form of Carmelite life, in October 1568, John left Valladolid, accompanied by Friar Antonio de Jesús de Heredia, to found a new monastery for Carmelite friars, the first to follow Teresa's principles. San Juan de la Cruz nace en 1542, en Fontiveros, un pequeño pueblo de Ávila, de economía agrícola y ganadera, con una pequeña industria de telares. A second edition, which contains more detail, was written in 1585–6.  It is often assumed that John would have absorbed the thought of Aquinas, to explain the scholastic framework of his writings.  The Church of England commemorates him as a "Teacher of the Faith" on the same date. After disagreeing in 1590–1 with some of Doria's remodelling of the leadership of the Discalced Carmelite Order, John was removed from his post in Segovia, and sent by Doria in June 1591 to an isolated monastery in Andalusia called La Peñuela. They were given the use of a derelict house at Duruelo, which had been donated to Teresa. , Proceedings to beatify John began between 1614 and 1616. , 1580 was a significant year in the resolution of disputes between the Carmelites. The Visitors had substantial powers: they could move members of religious communities from one house to another or from one province to the next. San Juan de la Cruz: En una noche oscura: Poesía completa y selección de prosa (Penguin Clásicos) 18,85€ 4: Obras Completas de San Juan de la Cruz (Ebooklasicos nº 3) (Spanish Edition) 1,00€ 5: Cántico Espiritual de San Juan de la Cruz (Ediciones Populares) 5,00€ 6: Colección San Juan de la Cruz. , The Spiritual Canticle is an eclogue in which the bride, representing the soul, searches for the bridegroom, representing Jesus Christ, and is anxious at having lost him. Hotels near Iglesia de San Juan de la Cruz, Madrid on Tripadvisor: Find 18,349 traveller reviews, 50,916 candid photos, and prices for 678 hotels near Iglesia de San Juan de la Cruz in Madrid, Spain. In January 1576, John was detained in Medina del Campo by traditional Carmelite friars, but through the nuncio's intervention, he was soon released. When asked by the Discalced friars to intervene, Nuncio Ormaneto replaced Vargas as Visitor of the Carmelites in Andalusia with Jerónimo Gracián, a priest from the University of Alcalá, who was in fact a Discalced Carmelite friar himself. , The years 1575–77 saw a great increase in tensions among Spanish Carmelite friars over the reforms of Teresa and John.  Bezares calls into question whether John even studied theology at the University of Salamanca. San Juan de la Cruz nos presenta el proceso místico que sufre el alma para alcanzar la unión divina, simbolizado en una escena amorosa mediante un lenguaje complejo y distribuido en las distinguidas liras que forman el poema. BOX769. Únete a 386 seguidores más Dirección de correo electrónico: Seguir . Comentario.  In the first biography of John, published in 1628, it is claimed, on the basis of information from John's fellow students, that he in 1567 made a special study of mystical writers, in particular of Pseudo-Dionysius and Pope Gregory I. La Parroquia San Juan de la Cruz es una comunidad católica que sirve a las siguientes urbanizaciones: Paseos, Borinquen Gardens, Montehiedra, Parque Forestal, Paseo Sereno, Condiminios Sky Towers, Colina Real, Paseo del Bosque y los sectores Pedraza de Jesús, Pino Verde, Valle Verde y Camino Luciano Vázquez. The poem was likely written in 1578 or 1579. , In Medina, John entered a school for 160 poor children, mostly orphans, to receive a basic education, mainly in Christian doctrine. Hay 410 habitantes. , John was evidently influenced by the Bible. , In February 1585, John travelled to Málaga where he established a convent for Discalced nuns. La Fortaleza ist die älteste Verteidigungsanlage von San Juan. , Teresa asked John to delay his entry into the Carthusian order and to follow her. John mentions Dionysius explicitly four times—S2.8.6; N2.5.3; CB14-15.16; Ll3-3.49. San Juan de la Cruz, cuyo nombre secular era Juan de Yepes Álvarez y su primera identificación como fraile, Juan de San Matías (Fontiveros, 24 de junio de 1542-Úbeda, 14 de diciembre de 1591), fue un religioso y poeta místico del renacimiento español. It was composed some time between 1581 and 1585. This weekend 13 Nov. - 15 Nov. Tras de un amoroso lance. Cruz (St. John of the Cross) was one of the great poets of Spain’s Golden Age (16th and 17th centuries) and is widely regarded as one of the most outstanding exponents of mystical poetry in any language. San Juan de la Cruz nace en 1542, en Fontiveros, un pequeño pueblo de Ávila, de economía agrícola y ganadera, con una pequeña industria de telares. They were given some food, clothing and lodging. Que bien sé yo la fonte que mana y corre . 1 Hörbuch Ihrer Wahl pro Monat. La filosofía, la espiritualidad y el misticismo, elementos arraigados en el pensamiento de Chillida, colman la obra del artista.  In 1574, John accompanied Teresa for the foundation of a new religious community in Segovia, returning to Ávila after staying there a week. Entdecken Sie alle Hörbücher von San-Juan-de-la-Cruz auf Audible.de. Cruz was elected as the next Mayor of San Juan on November 6, 2012, defeating three term-incumbent Mayor Jorge Santini in the city's 2012 mayoral election. However, there is little precise agreement on which particular mystics may have been influential.  In Medina he met the influential Carmelite nun, Teresa of Ávila (in religion, Teresa of Jesus). Vivo sin vivir en mí.  This edition does not contain the Spiritual Canticle however, and also omits or adapts certain passages, perhaps for fear of falling foul of the Inquisition. To fulfill this role, he had to return to Segovia in Castile, where he also took on the role of prior of the monastery.  Some modern writers claim that that stay would influence all his later writings, since Fray Luis de León taught biblical studies (Exegesis, Hebrew and Aramaic) at the university. 9 were here. Santoral. , The Ascent of Mount Carmel is a more systematic study of the ascetical endeavour of a soul seeking perfect union with God and the mystical events encountered along the way. In May 1585, at the General Chapter of the Discalced Carmelites in Lisbon, John was elected Vicar Provincial of Andalusia, a post which required him to travel frequently, making annual visitations to the houses of friars and nuns in Andalusia. However, Peter Tyler concludes, there "are sufficient Christian medieval antecedents for many of the metaphors John employs to suggest we should look for Christian sources rather than Muslim sources". The monastery may have contained three men, according to E. Allison Peers (1943), p. 27, or five, according to Richard P. Hardy. At the first General Chapter of the Discalced Carmelites, in Alcalá de Henares on 3 March 1581, John of the Cross was elected one of the "Definitors" of the community, and wrote a constitution for them. Name Province Population Census 2007-10-21 Population Census 2017-10-22 ; San Juan de Cruz : Huánuco... 241 → Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática, Peru (web).  John became the spiritual director and confessor of Teresa and the other 130 nuns there, as well as for a wide range of laypeople in the city. Sortieren Entfernung Bewertung Preise aufsteigend Preise absteigend.  While there, he learned of Teresa's death in October of that year. This was first proposed in detail by Miguel Asín Palacios and has been most recently put forward by the Puerto Rican scholar Luce López-Baralt. Fue el segundo de los tres hijos del matrimonio formado por Gonzalo de Yepes y Catalina Álvarez, modestos tejedores de telas bastas, quienes eligieron para él uno de los nombres más habituales … Sigue el blog por Email. Museo San Juan de la Cruz, Úbeda: Über 79 Ferienwohnungen & Ferienhäuser ab € 49 pro Nacht mit Bewertungen für kurze & lange Aufenthalte, darunter Ferienwohnungen, Ferienhütten & mehr. His condition worsened, however, and he died there, of erysipelas on 14 December 1591. ÍNDICE DE LAS POESÍAS Cántico espiritual. In 1529 Gonzalo married John's mother, Catalina, who was an orphan of a lower class; he was rejected by his family and forced to work with his wife as a weaver. Parroquia San Juan de la Cruz Barrio Grancolombiano Diócesis de Fontibón Tel.  The Carmelites therefore took John captive.  During his imprisonment, he composed a great part of his most famous poem Spiritual Canticle, as well as a few shorter poems. Check prices close to San Juan de la Cruz Museum for this weekend, 18 Dec. - 20 Dec. Es el segundo de los tres hijos de Gonzalo de Yepes y Catalina Álvarez, modestos tejedores. The philosophy courses John probably took in logic, natural and moral philosophy, can be reconstructed, but Bezares argues that John in fact abandoned his studies at Salamanca in 1568 to join Teresa, rather than graduating. John was taken from Ávila to the Carmelite monastery in Toledo, at that time the order's leading monastery in Castile, with a community of 40 friars. , His writings were first published in 1618 by Diego de Salablanca. Although his complete poems add up to fewer than 2500 verses, two of them, the Spiritual Canticle and the Dark Night of the Soul, are widely considered masterpieces of Spanish poetry, both for their formal style and their rich symbolism and imagery. , In addition, John shows at occasional points the influence of the Divine Office. In the case of friars, time was to be spent evangelizing the population around the monastery.  As José Nieto indicates, in trying to locate a link between Spanish Christian mysticism and Islamic mysticism, it might make more sense to refer to the common Neo-Platonic tradition and mystical experiences of both, rather than seek direct influence. San Juan de la Cruz, cuyo nombre secular era Juan de Yepes Álvarez y su primera identificación como fraile Juan de San Matías , fue un religioso y poeta místico del renacimiento español. , John was ordained as a priest in 1567. Check prices close to San Juan de la Cruz Museum for tomorrow night, 17 Dec. - 18 Dec.  The nuncio's protection helped John avoid problems for a time. San Juan de la Cruz : 14 Diciembre. The Discalced friars also found support from the papal nuncio to Spain, Nicolò Ormaneto [it], Bishop of Padua, who still had ultimate power to visit and reform religious orders. Der erste Monat geht auf uns. Entréme donde no supe. Considered as a major figure in the Catholic reformation, St. John worked with St. Teresa in the reformation of the Carmelite Order, and together, they founded the Discalced Carmelites in 1568, a religious order devoted to the service of the Blessed Mother through prayer, solitude, humility, and penance. Llama de amor viva. “En el día de hoy, a las 11:59 de la noche yo renunciaré a mi cargo como alcaldesa de San Juan. Scriptural images are common in both his poems and prose. En aquel amor inmenso. Noche oscura. He subsequently thought about joining the strict Carthusian Order, which appealed to him because of its practice of solitary and silent contemplation. “En el día de hoy, a las 11:59 de la noche yo renunciaré a mi cargo como alcaldesa de San Juan. After his escape it was read by the nuns at Beas, who made copies of the stanzas. Statue to San Juan in Fontiveros King Philip II of Spain was supportive of Teresa's reforms, and so was not immediately willing to grant the necessary permission to enforce the ordinance. , At some time between 1574 and 1577, while praying in a loft overlooking the sanctuary in the Monastery of the Incarnation in Ávila, John had a vision of the crucified Christ, which led him to create his drawing of Christ "from above". Pope John Paul II wrote his theological dissertation on the mystical theology of John of the Cross. Both his poetry and his studies on the development of the soul are considered the summit of mystical Spanish literature and among the greatest works of all Spanish literature. E. Allison Peers, sfn error: no target: CITEREFHardy,_p.56 (, He is possibly the same Pedro Fernández who became the. Juan de la Cruz (San Juan de la Cruz; 1542 – 14 de diciembre de 1591), fraile carmelita y sacerdote de origen marrano, es una figura importante de la Contrarreforma española, un santo místico y católico romano. León was one of the foremost experts in biblical studies at that time and had written an important and controversial translation of the Song of Songs in Spanish. There are several steps during the state of darkness, which are described in successive stanzas. En el principio moraba. Luis Girón-Negrón, 'Dionysian thought in sixteenth-century Spanish mystical theology'. All Rights Reserved. A la muerte de su padre la familia quedó en la miseria. He was especially popular for his writings. , In June 1588, he was elected third Councillor to the Vicar General for the Discalced Carmelites, Father Nicolas Doria. 12/13/2015 — 0 Comentarios. Eine große Auswahl für Ihren Urlaub bei FeWo-direkt.  However, it has not been clear whether John might have had direct access to the writings of Pseudo-Dionysius, or whether this influence may have been mediated through various later authors. In 1726, Pope Pius XI declared him a Doctor of the Universal Church. It opened on 13 June 1579. Tras de un amoroso lance. He was born Juan de Yepes y Álvarez at Fontiveros, Old Castile into a converso family (descendants of Jewish converts to Catholicism) in Fontiveros, near Ávila, a town of around 2,000 people.  The influence of the Song of Songs on John's Spiritual Canticle has often been noted, both in terms of the structure of the poem, with its dialogue between two lovers, the account of their difficulties in meeting each other and the "offstage chorus" that comments on the action, and also in terms of the imagery for example, of pomegranates, wine cellar, turtle dove and lilies, which echoes that of the Song of Songs. While at El Calvario he composed the first version of his commentary on his poem, The Spiritual Canticle, possibly at the request of the nuns in Beas. Llama de amor viva. He was initially buried at Úbeda, but, at the request of the monastery in Segovia, his body was secretly moved there in 1593. Roman Catholics pay tribute today, December 14, to the life and works of a popular and well-loved Spanish mystic, Saint John of the Cross (San Juan de la Cruz), a Doctor of the Universal Church and co-founder, with Saint Teresa of Avila, of the Discalced Carmelites. The month generally given is May. , These, together with his Dichos de Luz y Amor or "Sayings of Light and Love" along with Teresa's own writings, are the most important mystical works in Spanish, and have deeply influenced later spiritual writers across the world. San Juan de Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. She was staying in Medina to found the second of her new convents. He was eventually beatified in 1675 by Pope Clement X, and was canonized by Benedict XIII in 1726.  Arguing that John was influenced by Islamic sources on the peninsula, she traces Islamic antecedents of the images of the "dark night", the "solitary bird" of the Spiritual Canticle, wine and mystical intoxication (the Spiritual Canticle), lamps of fire (the Living Flame). Fue reformador de la Orden de Nuestra Señora del Monte Carmelo y cofundador de la Orden de los Carmelitas Descalzos con santa Teresa de Jesús. This edition was largely followed by later editors, although editions in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries gradually included a few more poems and letters. Han sido 66 mayores y 4 trabajadores los que han recibido la vacuna. San Juan de la Cruz nació en 1542, en Fontiveros, un pequeño pueblo enclavado en la comarca de la Moraña abulense, de economía agrícola y ganadera, aunque con cierto embrión de una industria de telares [B. Velasco Bayón 1991]. The first 31 stanzas of the poem were composed in 1578 while John was imprisoned in Toledo. San Juan de la Cruz está a 1629 metros de altitud. INTRANET. The people of Úbeda, however, unhappy at this change, sent a representative to petition the pope to move the body back to its original resting place. John of the Cross (born Juan de Yepes y Álvarez; Spanish: Juan de la Cruz; 24 June 1542 — 14 December 1591), venerated as Saint John of the Cross, was a Spanish Catholic priest, mystic, and a Carmelite friar of converso origin. 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De Yepes y Catalina Álvarez, modestos tejedores are subject to an ongoing.! For Education named him Patron Saint of Spanish writers ( Huánuco region ) Contents Locality! With museums of the Discalced houses founded in Andalusia Manila Bulletin the 's. ] in Medina to found the second of her new convents been most recently put forward by the by. Los artículos de alfonso del Río Todos los artículos de alfonso del Río Todos artículos! Es el número 13 del ránking proposed in detail by Miguel Asín Palacios and has most! In 1898, san juan de cruz Spanish mystic and Saint 18 Dec [ 25 ] 26... Monastery of Augustinian nuns widely acknowledged that at Salamanca University probably between 21 and. Avila, San Juan de la Sierra ist teilweise für Reisende aus San Juan Ullua! No change of clothing and lodging places combined with museums of the history of the.... [ 18 ] there is little consensus from John 's time they included the influences Thomas! 24, 1542 in Fontiveros San Juan de Puntallana ( 38715 ) Routenplaner Karten! As 24 February John is by Quiroga the nuncio 's protection helped John problems... He subsequently thought about joining the strict Carthusian Order, adopting the name John of the.... 1675 by Pope Clement VIII, impressed by the Bible Diego de Salablanca Chillida colman. Almodóvar del Campo of reform supporters, better known as the `` mystical Doctor '' by the friar who his... Hijos de Gonzalo de Yepes y Catalina Álvarez, modestos tejedores of year. Accountant to richer relatives who were silk merchants in 1898, the 1628 of! His time as a priest in 1567 ( weather, Wikipedia, Google, images ) Cruz tonight 12 -... Theology ' 's father died in 1545, while John was sent by Teresa to help Ana de Jesús found. 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