Its peaceful way of life, celebrated wine, delicous food and numerous outdoor activities all combine to make this region the ideal place to discover and appreciate la vie française. Burgundy (France) -- History -- Fiction Filed under: Burgundy (France) -- History Chronicles of England, France, Spain, and the Adjoining Countries, From the Latter Part of the Reign of Edward II to the Coronation of Henri IV (New York: Leavitt and Allen, 1857) , by Jean Froissart, ed. As a région, it encompassed the central départements of Côte-d’Or, Saône-et-Loire, Nièvre, and Yonne. In 1862, James Bryce compiled a list of ten such entities, a list which Davies himself extends to fifteen, ranging from the first Burgundian kingdom founded by Gunther in the fifth century, to the modern French région of Burgundy. These different upland areas are cut by a series of depressions and river valleys that form an important watershed; the Loire and Seine rivers flow northward to the Atlantic Ocean, whereas the Saône has its outlet in the Rhône and ultimately the Mediterranean. Duchy of Burgundy AD 843 -1482. historical region and former région, France. In 2016 the Burgundy région was joined with the région of Franche-Comté to form the new administrative entity of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.… History at your fingertips Burgundy is supplied by a number of major transportation arteries. Then, following a postwar period of renewed growth, from the early 1980s the increase in population slowed substantially, largely as a result of outward migration to neighbouring régions. (A fringe theory suggests that the Burgundians may have been the Βουρουγουνδοι Bourougoundoi later alluded to by the Aeolian historian Agathias, as a component of Eurasian steppe peoples, namely the "Scythian or Huns" (and, by implication, Turkic peoples like the Bulgars). This Burgundian State consisted of a number of fiefdoms on both sides of the (then largely symbolic) border between the Kingdom of France and the Holy Roman Empire. During the late 9th century there were three Burgundies: The two kingdoms of Upper and Lower Burgundy were reunited in 937 and absorbed into the Holy Roman Empire under Conrad II in 1032, as the Kingdom of Arles. The Dukes of Burgundy succeeded in assembling an empire stretching from Switzerland to the North Sea, in large part by marriage. Burgundy (French: Bourgogne) is a former administrative region of France.It is now part of the administrative region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.It was also a historic region in eastern France.The French adjective and name of the inhabitants of the region is Bourguignon.. With over 31,500 square kilometres (12,200 sq mi), it is one of the largest region of France. Burgundy has history at every turn. The Burgundian court outshone the French court both economically and culturally. BURGUNDY. The Celtics, Romans, Cistercians and the powerful Burgundian Dukes sculpted the towns and villages through the centuries. Employment is now concentrated in the service sector, but growth has been slow, partly reflecting the absence of a large metropolitan area. The “climats of Burgundy” refers to 1247 specific vineyards, each of which has a distinct character. In 534, the Franks defeated Godomar, the last Burgundian king, and absorbed the territory into their growing empire. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The Duchy of Burgundy was annexed by the French throne in 1004. Finally becoming part of France. The Yonne valley also produces fine wines, especially those of Chablis, east of Auxerre. A region rich in history and culture, with a beautiful geography. The dukedom of Burgundy was at one time a large empire spreading through eastern France, into Germany, up to Belgium and the Flanders. Metallurgy has long been an important industry, particularly in the département of Saône-et-Loire. Heritage and history. The process of rural depopulation that characterized France in the 19th and early 20th centuries was quite pronounced in Burgundy, and its population declined by almost one-fourth between 1872 and 1946. Amidst repeated clashes between the Romans and Huns, the Burgundian kingdom eventually occupied what is today the borderlands between Switzerland, France, and Italy. History of Burgundy The early kingdoms. The name comes frae the Burgundians, an auncient Germanic fowk who settled in the aurie in early Middle-age. In 411, the Burgundians crossed the Rhine and established a kingdom at Worms. Inside Burgundy: History - Before you visit Burgundy, visit Tripadvisor for the latest info and advice, written for travellers by travellers. Its economic heartland was in the Low Countries, particularly Flanders and Brabant. In 880 A.D. the power of Burgundy begins to rise with the Burgundian leader “Richard the Justice”, the influence spreads. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The early modern state of Burgundy was the product of a historical accident. During the 12th and 13th centuries, the County of Burgundy emerged from the area previously within the Kingdom of Upper Burgundy. Omissions? The County of Burgundy remained loosely associated with the Holy Roman Empire (intermittently independent, whence the name "Franche-Comté"), and finally incorporated into France in 1678, with the Treaties of Nijmegen. BURGUNDY. Burgundy’s reputation grew during the next one hundred years. Despite an overall decline of population, the northern départements of Yonne and Côte-d’Or have experienced demographic growth, supported by the inflow of population from the Paris metropolitan area. Roman influence was quick to follow, prompting the kingdom to expand at a rapid rate and reach from the banks of the River Rhine to Lake Geneva. Even so, mercenary bands continued their depredations in Burgundy until 1445, after which the duchy enjoyed peace until Philip III’s death in 1467. The vineyards, comprising the two main groups of Beaune and Nuits, produce the most celebrated Burgundy wines, including Clos-Vougeot, Gevrey-Chambertin, Nuits-Saint-Georges, and Pommard. This air-conditioned upper ** hotel, with pool, is well located for exploring Dijon and the area, and is well reviewed by travellers. Historian Norman Davies has commented that "[f]ew subjects in European history have created more havoc than that summarized by the phrase 'all the Burgundies'." The first Burgundian Parliament (Jours Généraux) met at Beaune in 1227, and the dukes of Burgundy resided there. During the Hundred Years' War, King John II of France gave the duchy to his youngest son, Philip the Bold, rather than leaving it for his successor on the French throne. Burgundy, historical region and former région of France. Burgundy was once home to the Dukes of Burgundy, masters of a territory stretched across eastern France and into Flanders. Subjugated by the Huns in 437, the Burgundians had accepted Roman federate status and essentially moved into the vacuum of dwindling Roman power, being ceded Roman lands in 443 and 458. The modern-day administrative région includes most of the former duchy. A Guide To Burgundy History – The history of Burgundy tells the story of the territory that the former French administrative region of Burgundy has largely recovered from the ancient duchy. This wine growing region of France is great for wine tasting tours, educational vacation travel, and cultural experiences. Large-scale cereal farming is practiced in Yonne and the northern portion of Côte-d’Or. In 2016 the Burgundy région was joined with the région of Franche-Comté to form the new administrative entity of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. Following a personal union between the Duchy and the County of Burgundy, the "Two Burgundies" soon became a major rival to the French throne. When Charles the Bold (1433 – 1477), the last Valois duke of Burgundy (1467 – 1477), was murdered in 1477, his various and sundry lands and estates were divided up between the king of France and the Holy Roman emperor. Dijon, Mâcon, and Le Creusot are all accessible by high-speed train (train à grande vitesse; TGV), while the Saône River is navigable (for large-capacity barges) from Chalon-sur-Saône southward, where it joins the Rhône River. The most famous wines produced here—those commonly referred to as "Burgundies"—are dry red wines made from pinot noir grapes and white wines made from chardonnay grapes. A brief history of Burgundy. Both the duchy of Burgundy and Cisjurane Burgundy (the county of Burgundy) flourished during this period. After her death, her husband moved his court first to Mechelen and later to the palace at Coudenberg, Brussels, and from there ruled the remnants of the empire, the Low Countries (Burgundian Netherlands) and Franche-Comté, then still an imperial fief. The first recorded inhabitants of the area that became Burgundy were various tribes of Gallic Celts, the most prominent of which were the semi-republican Aedui who were eventually incorporated into the Roman Empire following the defeat of the Gauls in the Battle of Alesia. As the dominance of the Roman Empire began to wane during the fifth century, however, it would be left to the Christian king Gu… In its heyday, its territory stretched … As a région, it encompassed the central départements of Côte-d’Or, Saône-et-Loire, Nièvre, and Yonne. (A fringe theory suggests that the Burgundians may have been the Βουρουγουνδοι Bourougoundoi later alluded to by the Aeolian historian Agathias, as a component of Eurasian steppe peoples, namely the "Scythian or Huns" (and, by implication, Turkic peoples like the Bulgars). Burgundy is sparsely populated, particularly outside the urban areas. The Duchy of Burgundy emerged in the 9th century as one of the successors of the ancient Kingdom of the Burgundians, which after its conquest in 532 had formed a constituent part of the Frankish Empire. https://www.britannica.com/place/Burgundy. Later, the region was divided between the Duchy of Burgundy (to the west) and the County of Burgundy (to the east). The situation is complicated by the fact that at different times and under different geopolitical circumstances, many different entities have gone by the name of 'Burgundy'. Robert II's son and heir, King Henry I of France, inherited the … While they were dominated by the Huns for a time and adopted some o… Spurred by the ease of rail and road access, some residents and businesses from the Paris metropolitan area have relocated to the northern part of the département of Yonne. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Burgundy (Bourgogne), historical region of France. While the large duchy of Burgundy was soon incorporated into the … Beef cattle are raised in the upland areas in Nièvre and the western part of Saône-et-Loire, which is noted as the point of origin for the Charolais breed. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The latter territory was ceded to France in the Treaty of Nijmegen of 1678. Burgundy, France, has a long human history, where large caches of flintstones (no relation to Fred) have been unearthed throughout the area. History of Burgundy. Archaeology has revealed that, over time, the area's inhabitants, originally hunters, added farming and agriculture to their talents. Burgundy Historic Sites: See reviews and photos of 10 historic sites in Burgundy, France on Tripadvisor. The feudal rule was imposed for many years by the local lords. It inscribes it in the sequel of the geopolitical sets which, in this space and beyond, shared the same name. In 1477 and following the death of Duke Charles le Temeraire, the king of France, Louis XI brings the Dukedom of Burgundy under control of … Burgundy wine (French: Bourgogne or vin de Bourgogne) is wine made in the Burgundy region in eastern France, in the valleys and slopes west of the Saône, a tributary of the Rhône. Paray-le-Monial is a pilgrimage centre with a Romanesque church modeled on the celebrated Cluny abbey. The Duchy of Burgundy was annexed by the French throne in 1477. The Treaty of Arras (1435), which established peace between Burgundy and Charles VII of France, added greatly to the Burgundian domain. As a région, it encompassed the central départements of Côte-d’Or, Saône-et-Loire, Nièvre, and Yonne. by Thomas Johnes, contrib. [2] While they were dominated by the Huns for a time and adopted some of their cultural practices, Agathias may have confused or conflated the Burgundians with the Lombards, who apparently had more significant ties to the Huns and Bulgars.[3]). France took the town from the Burgundians in 1478.