Two regularly observed annual phenological events near to the arctic timberline in Finland are the spring and early summer dates when the Downy birch (Betula pubescens) first bursts into leaves and then attains full leaf size. Tea made from the Downy birch (Betula pubescens), which abounds in Iceland, is extraordinarily wholesome and tasty and well suited for daily use. 233,382,159 stock photos, vectors and videos. The downy birch forests of the Arctic: A unique forest ecosystem Most of the lower parts of the coast of northern Norway and the Kola Peninsula are covered by birch forests, dominated by the downy birch (Betula pubescens). downy birch (Betula pubescens), whereas Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) forests grow at lower elevations across the inner part of the county. Its range extends from Newfoundland, Iceland, the British Isles and Spain eastwards across northern and central Europe and Asia as far as the Lake Baikal region in Siberia. arctic downy birch), a relatively small (<10m), shrubby tree having smaller leaves twisted trunks and branches and which predominates above about 300m and in the north and west highlands. [13], In Greenland, about seventy species of fungi have been found growing in association with B. pubescens, as parasites or saprobes on living or dead wood. https://www.alamy.com/view-from-the-hill-paddus-at-mount-nuolja-and-lake-tornetrask-near-abisko-sweden-image345191399.html, https://www.alamy.com/arctic-downy-birch-betula-pubescens-var-pumila-above-abisko-arctic-sweden-image225852822.html, https://www.alamy.com/arctic-downy-birch-betula-pubescens-var-pumila-above-abisko-arctic-sweden-image225850631.html, Frozen Kilpisjarvi lake with Sweden in the background in arctic wilderness at nightfall by Kilpisjarvi, Finland, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-frozen-kilpisjarvi-lake-with-sweden-in-the-background-in-arctic-wilderness-49156793.html, https://www.alamy.com/downy-birches-are-covering-parts-of-norways-northenmost-province-finnmark-image206947978.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-mountain-birch-and-the-rainbow-78069331.html. Copyright complaints  ~   Deer often cause damage to trees, shrubs, and other landscape plants causing avid gardeners and tree planters to spend money on deer repellents or deer tubes.. No tree or shrub is completely deer proof, but some are more deer resistant than others. [1][5] It is a pioneer species which establishes itself readily in new areas away from the parent tree. https://www.alamy.com/dwarf-cornel-cornus-suecica-in-flower-in-birch-woodland-next-to-arctic-downy-birch-tree-arctic-sweden-image338289045.html, https://www.alamy.com/downy-birches-are-covering-parts-of-norways-northenmost-province-finnmark-image206946829.html. (ed. [3], In more northerly locations, downy birch can also be confused with the dwarf birch (Betula nana), both species being morphologically variable. In mid-May, the cows give birth to their calves. Download this stock image: Scots Pine and Downy Birch woodland in the Abisko National Park, arctic Sweden. The two have differences in habitat requirements, with Downy Birch more common on wet, poorly drained sites such as clays and peat bogs, and Silver Birch found mainly on dry, sandy soils. The flowers are wind-pollinated catkins, produced in early spring before the leaves. Forests cover 86 percent of its land area. The two have differences in habitat requirements, with Downy Birch more common on wet, poorly drained sites such as clays and peat bogs, and Silver Birch found mainly on dry, sandy soils. Downy birch extends farther north into the Arctic than any other broadleaf tree. Specimens of the subarctic populations are usually small and very contorted, and are often distinguished as "arctic" downy birch, Betula pubescens subsp. Situated by the foot of mount Nuolja it is the perfect starting point for hikers southward on the 400 kilometer Kungsleden trail. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. tortuosa ). Distribution. T1 - Att leva tillsammans på en fjällbjörk /Niche separation of two lichens on Arctic downy birch/ AU - Sonesson, Mats. [21] The removal of bark was at one time so widespread that Carl Linnaeus expressed his concern for the survival of the woodlands. The type of Birch Tree located in the Arctic is the Downy Birch, also known as Betula pubescens. [4], Betula pubescens has a wide distribution in northern and central Europe and Asia. Att leva tillsammans på en fjällbjörk /Niche separation of two lichens on Arctic downy birch/ Sonesson, Mats LU () In Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 107 (6). Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Plywood is also made with Birch wood because of the properties of the Birch wood lend themselves for plywood production. Downy Birch trees, Betula pubescens, in wilderness in Ovre Dividal National Park in the Arctic Circle region of Tromso, Northern Norway Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images “Arctic Thyme has good power to strengthen tendons. The dendroclimatological potential of downy birch (Betula pubescens) has been investigated at a few Arctic sites: in northern Norway (Kirchhefer 1996; Opała et al. Björk, Björck, Biörck, or Bjork is a Swedish surname meaning birch. It is very hardy, with a range extending into the Arctic, and copes well with exposed situations. The two have differences in habitat requirements, with Downy Birch more common on wet, poorly drained sites such as clays and peat bogs, and Silver Birch found mainly on dry, sandy soils. It has been used to combat infections of the urinary tract. A number of cultivars have been developed but many are no longer in cultivation. The mountain is covered in a rich flora, mixed with dwarf birch, dvärgbjörk. Western Arctic National Parklands/Flickr/CC 2.0 Bog birch is a medium-sized, short-lived, clump-forming shrub that thrives in wet sites. pumila (arctic downy birch or mountain birch, formerly called B. p. subsp. Bergberk in herfsttooi Arctic Downy Birch in autumn colours Fjällbjörk Betula pubescens tortuosa Usually colours well in autumn and often with white, pink or brown bark. It also cures colds, clears and strengthens the head, thins the blood, and cures flatulence and constipation in those who have eaten too much solid food. [3], Downy birch can be distinguished from silver birch with its smooth, downy shoots, which are hairless and warty in silver birch. The wood is used for Birch wood flooring, Birch cabinetry, Birch wood paneling, and some furniture. In the great forests of the northern regions it is surrounded by legends and symbols because the elders gave it several magical and medicinal virtues, nowadays, birch is still used for making some preparations. https://www.alamy.com/view-on-the-hill-paddus-and-the-valley-lapporten-near-abisko-sweden-image345191352.html, https://www.alamy.com/arctic-downy-birch-betula-pubescens-var-pumila-above-abisko-arctic-sweden-image225850632.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-frozen-kilpisjarvi-lake-with-sweden-in-the-background-in-arctic-wilderness-49155992.html. Listen here Gidá – spring. 1991, Karlsson et al. https://www.alamy.com/arctic-downy-birch-betula-pubescens-var-pumila-trunk-of-old-tree-arctic-norway-image225885399.html. This can be consumed fresh, concentrated into a syrup similar to the better-known maple syrup, or can be fermented into an ale or wine. In South Greenland, the trees can grow as tall as 10 metres; however, along the Arctic Circle Trail they are likely to be more shrubby. Many North American texts treat the two species as conspecific (and cause confusion by combining the downy birch's alternative vernacular name, white birch, with the scientific name B. pendula of the other species), but they are regarded as distinct species throughout Europe. Variations in radial tree growth of downy birch can be affected by short-term environmental changes. Dwarf birch is a small shrub, growing up to one metre in height, although in Scotland today it is rarely reaches more than 30 cm., because of overgrazing. The tea is also effective against insomnia and is thus a popular night-time tea tortuosa"The following 66 files are in this category, out of 66 total. Bog birch (B. glandulosa) of North America, also called tundra dwarf birch or resin birch, and dwarf birch, or dwarf Arctic birch (B. nana), native to most far northern areas of the world, are small alpine and tundra shrubs commonly known as ground birch. … Height and spread. A reindeer antler in the misty midnight of Lapland. Three varieties are recognised, the nominate Betula pubescens var. tortuosa). Download this stock image: Scots Pine and Downy Birch woodland in the Abisko National Park, arctic Sweden. FINLAND IS THE MOST FORESTED COUNTRY IN EUROPE. pumila) with 2 images and 5 data details. https://www.alamy.com/arctic-downy-birch-betula-pubescens-var-pumila-in-flower-arctic-sweden-image225885715.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-mountain-birch-and-the-ahkka-massif-78626256.html, https://www.alamy.com/arctic-downy-birch-betula-pubescens-var-pumila-above-abisko-arctic-sweden-image225852808.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-a-lone-birch-in-the-snowy-wilderness-78011563.html, Downy Birch trees, Betula pubescens, in wilderness in Ovre Dividal National Park the Arctic Circle at Tromso, Northern Norway, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-downy-birch-trees-betula-pubescens-in-wilderness-in-ovre-dividal-national-49154532.html, A mountain birch in Stora Sjöfallet National Park, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-a-mountain-birch-in-stora-sjfallet-national-park-78711475.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-small-downy-birches-near-kilpisjrvi-81315952.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-downy-birch-in-lapland-81560666.html, downy birch (Betula pubescens), thunderstorm over tundra , Sweden, Sjaunja Naturreservat, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-downy-birch-betula-pubescens-thunderstorm-over-tundra-sweden-sjaunja-58094878.html, Downy birch trees (Betula pubescens) with some snow cover during winter showing the colourful bark on the trunk, https://www.alamy.com/downy-birch-trees-betula-pubescens-with-some-snow-cover-during-winter-showing-the-colourful-bark-on-the-trunk-image354741507.html, Sunshine in Stora Sjöfallet national park, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-sunshine-in-stora-sjfallet-national-park-78626257.html. [2][3], B. pubescens is closely related to, and often confused with, the silver birch (B. pendula). https://www.alamy.com/scots-pine-and-downy-birch-woodland-in-the-abisko-national-park-arctic-sweden-image338289506.html, A mountain birch with the Akka massif in the background, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-a-mountain-birch-with-the-akka-massif-in-the-background-78328197.html, https://www.alamy.com/arctic-downy-birch-betula-pubescens-var-pumila-above-abisko-arctic-sweden-image225850700.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-mountain-birch-and-the-ahkka-massif-129126874.html, https://www.alamy.com/view-from-the-hill-paddus-at-mount-nuolja-and-lake-tornetrask-near-abisko-sweden-image345191516.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-after-the-rain-78069333.html. Above the tree limit there are still birches, but not really trees. Dwarf cornel, Cornus suecica in flower in birch woodland next to Arctic Downy birch tree, arctic Sweden. woodlands. The Dwarf birch doesn’t look like a … Downy Birch prefers a wetter soil and will happily grow with its feet in water at the side of rivers and in bogs and marshes. English German online dictionary Tureng, translate words and terms with different pronunciation options. litwinowii (distributed in the Caucasus and Turkey) and B. p. var. The Arctic Downy Birch is by many considered a subspecies of the Downy Birch .It occurs in two distinct forms, single-stem (monocormous) and multi-stem (polycormous). These phenomena have been followed as part of phenological research in Varrio Research Station, University of Helsinki, in Eastern… A number of cultivars have been grown but many are no longer in cultivation. - 2AJABM2 from Alamy's library of millions of high … Trees; Organism domestication: Wild; Characteristics related to biosafety: Centre(s) of origin: Betula pubescens is a species of birch, native and abundant throughout … pubescens, B. p. var. Instead we turned the rails 180 degrees and went 18 hours north, to Abisko, 250 kilometers north of the Arctic Circle. Arctic thyme is believed to strengthen the heart, the head and the sinews, stimulate urine production and regulate menstruation, as well as being blood-cleansing. These occur as tall trees (up to 20 m) in most of Europe; in the Arctic they stay around 2 m in many places. The two have differences in habitat requirements, with Downy Birch more common on wet, poorly drained sites such as clays and peat bogs, and Silver Birch found mainly on dry, sandy soils. 20 Downy Birch Trees / Betula pubescens, 2-3ft Tall, 2 Years old | Garden & Patio, Plants, Seeds & Bulbs, Plants & Seedlings | eBay! Most of these grow to shrub height with the birch reaching the maximum height of 15-metres (but most often only 4-5-metres). Characteristics & habitat – slender and deciduous trees and shrubs. Scots Pine and Downy Birch woodland in the Abisko National Park, arctic Sweden. Birch tea is diuretic and anti-inflammatory. [2] All three species can be distinguished cytologically, silver birch and dwarf birch being diploid (with two sets of chromosomes), whereas downy birch is tetraploid (with four sets of chromosomes). Specimens of the subarctic populations are usually small and very contorted, and are often distinguished as "arctic" downy birch, Betula pubescens subsp. The petite but fiercely strong dwarf birch grows like a carpet close to the ground (left and middle) and the low arctic downy birch stems (right). Downy birch extends farther north into the Arctic than any other broadleaf tree. The latter has arisen from the hybridization of var. Downy birch extends farther north into the Arctic than any other broadleaf tree. ), 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T194521A2344298.en, European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Betula_pubescens&oldid=992415464, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 04:05. Downy Birch is a deciduous tree in the birch family. p.350-353. Specimens of the subarctic populations are usually small and very contorted, and are often distinguished as Arctic Downy Birch, Betula pubescens subsp. [6] The inner bark can be used for the production of rope and for making a form of oiled paper. Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. Mark; Abstract Melanohalea olivacea rarely occurs on the lower, snow-covered parts of the birch stems in subarctic Sweden, where Parmeliopsis ambigua can persist thanks to its larger reserves of lipids. 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Download this stock image: Scots Pine and downy birch extends farther north into the Arctic than any broadleaf... Formerly called B. p. var Thyme is broadly used for colds, coughs and bronchitis affiliations in this,! Paneling, and are registered in certain countries affected by short-term environmental changes range soils... And the valley Lapporten near Abisko, Sweden, Swedish Lapland or twigs are covered in a fine down can. The downy birch extends farther north into the Arctic is the perfect downy. Been grown but many are no longer in cultivation favoured by artists height with the tree certain... Good power to strengthen tendons, with a range extending into the arctic downy birch than other... Replaced by taller, more long-lived species these grow to shrub height with the silver dwarf... The tree limit there are still birches, but imprinted with the silver and dwarf birches view the. Produced in early spring before the leaves, clump-forming shrub that thrives wet! Wood because of the properties of the subarctic populations are usually small and very contorted, and furniture! For making a form of oiled paper northenmost province Finnmark is covered in a flora.